Las iglesias de época bizantina en Nablus (Neapolis), Palestina

Loay ABU ALSAUD

Resumen


Nuestro objetivo ha sido investigar y catalogar información arqueológica e histórica sobre todas las iglesias de Nablus de la época bizantina, construidas desde inicios del s. iv d. C. hasta el 638 d. C. –16 ah– y descubiertas en los ss. xix y xx. Además proporcionamos una descripción de cada edificio en términos de uso
y forma. Hemos extraído los datos de fuentes bizantinas históricas y literarias y de las samaritanas religiosas, así como de los informes de las excavaciones arqueológicas, para analizarlos y sacar conclusiones. En nuestro estudio nos centramos en la reutilización de antiguos edificios samaritanos, cristianos o islámicos para la reconstrucción o la conversión de estos edificios de cara a su adaptación a la nueva religión en tiempos de conquista. Las iglesias nunca han sido objeto de un amplio estudio arqueológico debido al enfoque bíblico de los proyectos arqueológicos en Palestina. Examinamos individualmente cada una de las iglesias en lo que respecta a la transición o integración de fases y modelos arquitectónicos. Nuestra investigación permite observar que todas las iglesias construidas en Nablus durante el período bizantino fueron de cuatro tipos arquitectónicamente distintos: la de planta de cruz latina, la central octogonal, la basilical y la rectangular. También observamos que las iglesias cristianas pudieron permanecer en uso durante la época islámica.

Palabras clave


Jordania palestina; periodo bizantino; arquitectura religiosa; basílica cristiana; tipos arquitectónicos

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/zephyrus201882187207





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