Rehabilitación vestibular en personas mayores con disfunción vestibular

VIRGINIA FRANCO-GUTIÉRREZ, PAZ PEREZ- VÁZQUEZ

Resumen


Introducción y objetivo: El mareo y el desequilibrio son síntomas comunes en el anciano y tienen un gran impacto en su calidad de vida. Método: Revisión narrativa. Resultados: Se revisan los principales factores que condicionan la inestabilidad en el anciano, el impacto de las caídas y las exploraciones más rentables desde el punto de vista diagnóstico y terapéutico en estos pacientes. Por último, se incide en la necesidad de un abordaje multidisciplinar destacando la importancia de la rehabilitación vestibular en el tratamiento de estos trastornos. Conclusiones: La inestabilidad en el anciano es de origen multifactorial y no obedece solamente a razones fisiológicas. De ahí la necesidad de identificar los factores precipitantes, tratarlos si es posible y realizar un abordaje multidisciplinar que minimice la morbimortalidad asociada a este proceso y mejorando su calidad de vida. La rehabilitación vestibular puede mejorar significativamente el equilibrio de los ancianos con inestabilidad lo cual conduciría a una reducción significativa de las caídas.

Palabras clave


nestabilidad; mareo; caídas; ancianos; rehabilitación vestibular.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/orl.20953

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