Evaluación del paciente previa a la rehabilitación vestibular

Sara FERNANDEZ-CASCON, Isidora RETTIG-INFANTE, Gabriela MORALES-MEDINA, Claudia BUENDIA-PAJARES

Resumen


Introducción y objetivo: Para realizar una adecuada rehabilitación vestibular es fundamental llevar a cabo una minuciosa valoración previa. El objetivo de este trabajo es estandarizar la evaluación preterapéutica que permita una correcta comunicación entre el facultativo que indica la rehabilitación vestibular y el responsable de realizarla. Método: Revisión narrativa. Resultados: En nuestro trabajo describimos las exploraciones que consideramos imprescindibles para estudiar al paciente con inestabilidad, previa realización de una rehabilitación vestibular. Discusión y Conclusiones: La evaluación de los pacientes con mareo es un trabajo difícil debido a la imprecisión, tanto por parte del enfermo, a la hora de describir el síntoma, como por parte del médico en interpretar lo que éste le transmite. Por este motivo, debemos ser metódicos en el interrogatorio, meticulosos al realizar la exploración física y apoyarnos en las pruebas instrumentales tras haber establecido una sospecha diagnóstica. La correcta realización de esta evaluación de forma individualizada es el pilar fundamental para orientar un tratamiento rehabilitador.

Palabras clave


Rehabilitación vestibular; vértigo; pruebas vestibulares; anamnesis; exploración física

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14201/orl.21292

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